Updated on – 03 Feb 2021
You might be fed up of using harmful chemicals on your skins in the form of cosmetic products, and now looking for a natural alternative. The best and safest way to nourish your skin is to make your own skin care stuff.
You can DIY (Do It Yourself) a skin product at your home and enjoy the benefits of nature.
I have tried to cover all the essential topics that you need to know before DIY your own skin care. These topics are as below –
- DIY skin care ingredients
- Equipments required for making the skin care products
- How To Make Your Own Skincare Products
- Points to consider before making homemade skin care product
Without any further ado, let’s discuss in detail.
DIY Skin Care Ingredients
You must know the importance of ingredients that you need to add in your DIY skin care product. You can learn about various ingredients and decided which is suitable for your skin type.
Let’s know it further.
#1. Essential Oils
Essential oils are concentrated extracts of the plants that retain the essence, flavour and smell of the source. Essential oils are a must-have if you are preparing creams and lotions as they provide benefits to your skin and give a pleasant fragrance to your products.
Some of the popular essential oils used in skin care are Tea tree oil for preventing breakouts, Lavender oil for bright skin, Rosehip oil for reducing wrinkles. Rosemary oil for deep cleansing.
#2. Organic Tea
Organic tea ingredients play an important role in skincare. They have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-aging properties. You can simply use your organic tea bags to prepare extracts for your products.
#3. Aloe Vera Gel
Aloe Vera gel is anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and a natural moisturizer for your skin. You can incorporate aloe into your products or use aloe as a base to create a simple product in a gel formulation with added benefits.
Oatmeal in your product serves you greatly if you have oily skin. Oatmeal soaks up excess oil from your skin to treat acne. Oatmeal has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that help in soothing your skin.
#5. Raw Honey
Honey is a very easy to blend ingredient to your product with benefits like antioxidant, antibacterial, and a natural hydrant to moisturize and soothe your dry skin.
#6. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider Vinegar has many topical advantages like treating acne, a natural exfoliant, anti-fungal. You also benefit from its sebum production balancing to reduce oiliness in your skin.
#7. Argan Oil
Argan oil is a non-fragrant, nutrient-filled oil for your skincare product that helps to maintain strong, elastic skin for a young look.
Argan oil contains a high percentage of lipids and fatty acids, Vitamin A, E, polyphenols that contribute to repairing your skin’s barrier, aid with hydration and nourish the skin.
#8. Shea Butter
Shea butter contains high concentrations of fatty acids and various vitamins that are ideal to get soft, smoother skin. Another benefit of Shea butter is that it has some anti-inflammatory properties like it reduces the redness and swelling on your face. You can use shea butter on your whole body, to tone and condition your dull skin.
Also check – Best vegan lip balm
Ginger has anti aging properties because of being a great source of antioxidants. Ginger contains 40-antioxidant properties that prevent free radical damage and save skin from aging.
Ginger also helps in improving the skin tone and elasticity to give a younger looking skin.
Cocoa butter is a rich source of phenolic antioxidants, essential minerals for skin nourishments. Cocoa also contains vitamin E which is a powerful antioxidant to prevent skin damage from free radicals.
Cocoa also has anti-inflammatory properties. Cocoa butter in your product will inhibit the production of skin degrading enzymes to delay skin aging to give you a youthful look.
Cocoa butter can clog your skin pores. So if you are prone to acne issues, avoid including cocoa butter in your product.
#11. Jojoba Oil
Jojoba oil is rich in different types of fatty acids that resembles sebum which is an oily, waxy substance produced by sebaceous glands in the skin. This means jojoba oil readily absorbs into your skin and prevents excess sebum production thereby reducing oily skin.
It is an effective moisturizer for oily skin as it acts as a balancing agent for oil produced in the skin. This reduces the clogging of pores in your skin which is great for treating acne.
Jojoba oil is anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antibacterial. You can also use the oil for healing burns, sores, dermatitis, acne scars.
Turmeric has multiple benefits in your skincare product. You can use it for treating itchy skin thanks to its excellent anti-inflammatory property. Turmeric is also a great option if you want antioxidants and antimicrobial benefits in your product.
You also benefit from turmeric’s ability to treat acne, burns, sun-damage, wounds, and eczema.
Also read – Best Organic Face Wash for Dry Skin
Equipment For Making Skincare Products
- Digital Weighing scale: A digital weighing scale that measures up to 0.1 grams is preferred. This helps in precise weighing for your formulation.
- pH Reading Kits: You can use pH reading pens or pH strips for calculating the pH of your product.
- Mixing Vessels: Glass vessels and cups are your best option as you will be dealing with acid or alkaline ingredients and corrosive essential oils. Glass cups are also great when you want to melt body butters in ovens.
- Electric Stick Blender: Stick blenders are useful for creating emulsions like cream and lotions.
- Hand Whisks: For whipping body butter.
- Spoons, Spatulas, and Hand Gloves: Separate set of spoons and spatulas along with hand gloves to prevent contamination.
How To Make Your Own Skincare Products
I am going to share 5 recipes for different skin types that will give you an idea to create your own product or you can use the given recipe as it is if that suits your skin type.
#1. Anti-aging Papaya Mask
A mask made with fresh papaya fruit, egg, white tea, lemon juice, and Greek yogurt gives you a nourishing face mask.
The alpha-hydroxy acids in papaya act as natural exfoliators to remove dead skin and reveal radiant new skin. The egg whites that are high in protein nourishes your skin and tightens your pores.
- Papaya fruit.
- Lemon juice.
- Greek yogurt.
- White tea.
- One egg.
Recipe: Cut half portion of a papaya, remove seeds, and dice into small pieces. Add one tablespoon of brewed and cooled white tea, one tablespoon lemon juice, and one egg white.
Blend the ingredients until a paste-like consistency is achieved.
Apply it to your face and neck for 30 minutes and then rinse with lukewarm water. Following up with your face moisturizer will give you a glowing, hydrated young look.
#2. Shea Butter Moisturizer For Dry Hands
A Shea butter based moisturizer is a great way to moisturize your dry hands and legs during winter.
- Shea butter.
- Coconut oil.
- Essential oil of choice.
Recipe: Take five to six tablespoon of solid shea butter and boil it until it melts. Once shea butter is cooled, add three to four tablespoons of coconut oil and three tablespoons of essential oil of your choice. Whip the mixture until it forms a creamy texture. Store the cream in shade.
#3. Ginger-Rice Detox Body Scrub
A natural scrub benefits your skin by removing dull, dead skin cells to give you radiant skin underneath. The rice grains are an excellent natural exfoliant and starch in rice helps in soothing your skin.
Coconut milk in the scrub hydrates your skin. Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties that reduce itchiness and detoxifies the skin.
- Ground Rice.
- Ground ginger.
- Coconut milk.
- Brown sugar.
Recipe: Take half cup ground rice, half cup coconut milk, 1½ tablespoon ginger, ¼ cup brown sugar and grind in a blender to form a paste. Use your hands to rub the paste in a circular motion on the skin.
#4. Apple Cider Vinegar Natural Facial Toner
Facial toner is a quick-absorbing liquid that removes impurities in your skin like excess dirt, oil, and makeup. This balances the pH of your skin and reduces acne breakouts.
Apple cider vinegar is acidic in nature and regulates the pH balance of your skin. It also has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
If you have oily, acne-prone skin, this product will treat acne issues and reduce redness. If you have normal or dry skin, Apple cider vinegar acts as an exfoliator. You should follow up with your moisturizer afterward.
- Apple Cider Vinegar.
- Essential oil of choice.
- Filtered water.
Recipe: Mix ⅓ part apple cider vinegar to ⅔ parts of filtered water if you have dry skin. If you have acne-prone oily skin, add ½ part vinegar to ½ part water. Add 5 drops of essential oil of your choice. Store the mixture in a glass spray container for ease of use.
Apply the toner in the morning and at night to keep your face clean and free from impurities.
#5. Under Eye Gel With Vitamin E
If you suffer from dark circles and puffy eyes, this simple gel is easy to prepare and provides excellent results.
- Vitamin E capsules.
- Aloe Vera Gel.
Take Vitamin E capsules and pierce them to squeeze out into a bowl. Add 2 tablespoons of aloe vera gel and mix it well.
Apply this to the under-eye area to nourish your skin. This de-puffs the skin to give you a balanced fresh look. The gel works best when prepared freshly.
Also read – Best organic lotions for dry skin
Points You Should Know Before Making Homemade Skincare
Choose The Right Formula
You should consider the ingredients that can nourish your skin. At the same time, the product should have Consistency that is necessary for proper application. For this, you need to know how ingredients react.
For exampe Lemon should be avoided as it can cause phytophotodermatitis which is an anti inflammatory reaction when your skin is exposed to the sun.
Use Natural Preservative System
If your skin care product is based on water, fruits, organic ingredients or contains water-absorbing ingredients, they are most likely to spoil. You should consider including a natural preservative that protects your product from mold, yeast, or bacterial growth.
Products containing water, fruits or organic ingredients are more likely to spoil.
When choosing a preservative, make sure you use broad spectrum. This is effective against gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, yeast, and mold. Always check usage instructions to ensure your preservatives work as intended.
Benzoic acid, Salicylic acid, Sorbic acid and Alcohol are the commonly used natural preservatives in skincare.
Choose The Correct Container
Choosing a proper container for your product is very important as ingredients in your product tend to lose their effectiveness when exposed to light and air.
You should look for containers that have minimal contamination chances in your daily usage. Pump spray valve containers are great for water-based products as they do not expose your product to the environment.
Measure Your Ingredients Correctly And Follow Usage Recommendations
If you dont weigh your ingredients properly, it will lead to inconsistency and your product wont be effective. You need to have a precise weighing scale to weigh your ingredients properly for your formulation.
If you are dealing with liquid ingredients like essential oils, their volume depends on density and temperature. It is easy to add more quantities when measuring in drops. The same applies to preservatives also.
To avoid damaging your skin, you should strictly follow the recommended usage levels as per the amount of product you are preparing.
Measure And Adapt pH
pH of your product impacts the look, feel, color, scent, and how your ingredients interact with each other. So checking the pH of your product is a very important step.
Your chosen preservatives will work efficiently only if your product is at a certain pH level. Overlooking this will spoil your product and makes it unsafe to use.
You can check your pH with a pH meter or with easily available pH strips so that you can make proper formulation.
Making your own skincare products is a great way to customize your product according to your requirement as well as avoiding products with harmful ingredients.
Following strict weighing of ingredients and proportions, you will be able to make your own product safe to use and long-lasting.